By Victor Ojelabi

Senator Bukola Abubakar Saraki is a member of the ruling class by birth, having been born into the Senator Olusola Saraki’s political dynasty in Kwara State. The young Bukola, like most privileged children of the elites, had his path to success well laid out. He had the best education both in Nigeria and the United Kingdom. He also quickly cut his teeth in leadership at a tender age, jumping on the board of Societe Generale Bank in 1990 at just 28, after a one-year practice as medical professional in the UK. Bukola also had rapid boardroom capacity development and corporate leadership within the space of 10 years at SG, and at the young age of 38, he entered into public service, becoming the Special Assistant on Budget to President Olusegun Obasanjo in 2000. He held this position for the president’s full first term and was credited for initiating the famous and widely praised Fiscal Responsibility Bill.

In 2003, Bukola Saraki took his political career home to Kwara State, where he contested and won the seat of Governor with a large margin. Many attributed his victory to the existing political power structure of his father, but Saraki would prove everyone wrong when he went against his father’s dictates and contested against the Saraki’s political lever in 2007. He emerged victorious regardless, and then announced his arrival to mainstream politics in one single swipe.

Bukola Saraki was no longer that protegee and son of Chief Olusola Saraki, who enjoys the mercies and support of his father’s friends -individuals (mostly retired generals and first republic politicians) who maintained a nation-wide grip of power, each running their own political caliphates, states by states, zone by zone. Bukola suddenly became a political nuisance, the growth of his influence was sporadic, his political style unusual, views contemporary and revolutionary. Bukola came with the position that threatened control and centralization of power. There was a worry about his mysterious style, unpredictability, unusual desire and ability to work with people across political divides. He had also proven to be too independent and headstrong, that quickly cemented the perception that the boy was headed for a solo run, a development that started setting out political enemies and stiff opposition for the new Saraki.

Power brokers, started noticing how this new kid on the block gets through with all he sets to do politically, without expected subscription to the loyalty demands, nor referencing of the supremacy of the power court. The Saraki Jnr at this point, had gone rogue. He would beat off this father’s power play to take one of the three senatorial seats in Kwara, after successfully doing two terms as governor and installing his choice successor. Even so, just at his second term as a senator of the federal republic, Bukola Saraki played grandiose national politics by winding his way to the seat of senate president, against the wish of his party and national political bigwigs. Dr. Bukola Saraki’s adversary grew quite rapidly. Even now, drawing battle plots all across the country, particularly with the organized political South West, whose regional agenda (as being led by Bola Ahmed Tinubu) took a massive hit with Saraki’s emergence as senate president.

Into his term as Senate President, Bukola Saraki was famous for his independent opinions and audacious stand against the Federal Government and his party’s leadership. He advocated total independence of the legislative arm, an impressive allusion to principle of separation of power. For the first time in Nigeria’s about 2 decades of democracy, there was a senate that was largely non-partisan. Bukola’s complete grip of the very volatile senate presidency seat shocked many. In previous assemblies, senate leadership was only as stable as the extent of party loyalty. Here was a 50-year-old senate president whose leadership was never contended, had support across party lines and even enjoyed the activism of some apostle-colleagues, who would go against any view or move to unsettle or question his authority. Without any doubt, Saraki led the most independent and stable Senate in our recent political history. This also, came with its own harvest of political enemies. Young Saraki in his political journey had congregated so much foe-men that it is not illogical to expect the relentless call for his head.

In the space of 12years from when Bukola rooted his political career as Governor of Kwara state, there hasn’t been a year without a big case hanging over his head. From anti-graft bodies, to party’s disciplinary committee, the police force, DSS, and recently the Code of Conduct Bureau, Bukola Saraki seems to be under constant investigation, always answering to one summon or the other.

This dates back to his tenure as Kwara State governor, particularly during his second term. Senator Abubakar Saraki, his wife, family, friends and associates had government search light constantly beamed at them. From 2003 – 2007, Saraki had seven separate investigations done on him by the EFCC, none of which resulted in any conviction. The matters either ended in a judgement in Saraki’s favour or a total case abandonment for lack of merit and traction.

The Economic and Financial Crimes Commission(EFCC) have had a steady run on Saraki. In more recent times this seem to have garnered more fire. A lot of people keep wondering if the resources available to the EFCC suddenly swells when it bothers on anything Saraki. For an organization that has hip of inconclusive case files in several court rooms across the nation, it is bewildering that it seams to open fresh cases against the senate president every 6-8months. Questions are being asked if this special attention to details and concerted effort is not worthy for the investigation and conviction of several public office holders the organization have fingered in recent times. There is also a particular momentum in the unearthing Saraki’s dirts’ effort by the Magu dispensation of the EFCC. It seems rather peculiar to Saraki, that even hitherto closed investigation, some over a decade-old, are getting reactivated. Previous EFCC bosses, reached conclusions on some allegations of financial crime against Saraki during his term as Kwara Governor. It is strange that Magu would discredit the positions of his predecessors by launching new inquiries into activities as far back as 16 years. Kudos to that level of commitment from an EFCC boss who took 17 months to charge former SGF, despite the substantial report of the Presidential Investigation Panel (led by Vice President Osinbajo) that led to his sack.

This backward pry into Saraki is also very unique to him. Erstwhile governors of same dispensations as Saraki, whose investigation and prosecution on financial crime matters were hindered by immunity are still drumming their political careers at this time without any worry. Chimaroke Nnamia of Enugu has a N5billion corruption case that has been pending since 2005. Orji Uzor Kalu, former governor of Abia State and now APC inner caucus, recently got an indefinite adjournment on his case. He remains a close associate of the FG, while the EFCC takes a vacation on his matter. This preference for Saraki’s cases only lifts the lid on people’s curiosity. Could there be a covert intent and purpose of the Magu-led EFCC on Saraki?. Will it be out of place to adduce that it has a spatial relation with the senate’s refusal to confirm Magu as the substantive chairman of the EFCC?

Since Ibrahim Magu was appointed by Buhari as EFCC chair in November, 2015, he has worked in acting capacity. The Senate, on two occasions had unanimously voted to reject Magu based on the report of the SSS about his non-suitability for the job, but Buhari has kept him as acting chairman rather than send a replacement to the Senate. With this Magu will be the ONLY chairman of the EFCC, whose appointment was never confirmed. It is rather too circumstantial that the leadership of the Senate quickly attracted the investigative powers of Mr Magu’s EFCC more vigorously after.

In September of 2006, Nuhu Ribadu, then Chairman of EFCC, took to the floor of the Senate to give a clean bill to six states, of which Kwara was one. Under Ribadu’s successor Waziri’s Chairmanship, Kwara Local Council was investigated in 2010 at the time that Dr Saraki joined the presidential race. Then, in 2011 at the same time that the Senator raised a motion on the floor of the senate he was investigated by Specail Fraud Unit, but the Ministry of Justice wrote to him clearing his name of any wrongdoing. Meanwhile, under his Governorship, Kwara State was the first state to open its accounts up to public scrutiny, and the first to gain an internationally recognized Fitch credit rating.

Notably, most of the investigations have taken place after Senator Saraki raised issues of public concern, such as the mismanagement of the fuel subsidy, or when he was pursuing his presidential ambition. The newly announced investigations, by EFCC, on Saraki’s time as Governor which ended over 12 years ago, point to questionable motivations for the investigations. In 2003/2004, whilst Governor, Senator Saraki gave up his immunity to answer questions on Societe Generale Bank of Nigeria and till date he is one of only two governors in the history of Nigeria to ever give up immunity.

In 2016, barely one year after Senator Bukola Saraki became senate president against the wish and plan of his party, the Code of Conduct Bureau launched an investigation into his asset declaration and the Code of Conduct Tribunal brought an initial 16-count charge of false asset declaration against him. He was accused of making anticipatory declaration of assets as well as withholding information regarding his assets while he was governor of Kwara State between 2003 and 2011 and when he became a senator in 2011. The charges were subsequently amended to 18-counts.

Mr Saraki was cleared of all charges by the CCT, and the appeal court judgement that said he had a case to answer was upturned by the apex court. A five-member panel of the Supreme Court, led by Justice Dattijo Mohammed, held that the decision of the appeal court to agree with the tribunal in one breath and order Mr Saraki’s return to the CCT in another, amounted to a “judicial summersault.” Senator Saraki again was vindicated.

This trend of putting Saraki to trial or subjective investigation seem more like an orchestrated effort by the power-brokers to unsettle him and possibly send him into political oblivion. However, with Saraki’s number one foe, Ibrahim Magu, it looks like he’s playing out a script in one vane, and even more like he is on mission to execute a personal vandata. No one is asking that Senator Saraki be removed from all anti-corruption efforts, but considering Magu and Mohamadu Buharis’ concentration and emphasis on Sakari’s cases amongst a throng of ears-shattering corruption allegations that has made the news, one is left with so much curiosity, why is Saraki’s so important?

As an anti-corruption crusader one would expect Buhari to be more passionate about cases that happened under his purview rather than expending so much energy in digging alleged wrong doings as far aback at 2005. Let’s not forget that in May, 2018 a total of 18 civil society organizations came out to declare that official corruption in Nigeria was becoming permanent feature under the administration of President Muhammadu Buhari. A few of the cases that Buhari and Magu doesn’t seem to be as much vested and need to address include:

  1. How government silently, but illegitimately, reengaged the former Chairman of the Presidential Pension Reform Task Team, Abdulrasheed Maina, who was disengaged from service by the previous administration over a N2.7b pension fraud
    2.Babachir Lawal, a former Secretary to the Government of the Federation accused of the diversion and mismanagement of about N12bn North-East humanitarian intervention fund
    3.The case of a former Department of State Services boss, Ita Ekpenyong, who allegedly partook in corruption and mismanagement of funds amounting to $9m of the $30m operation fund from Sambo Dasuki, a former National Security Adviser and who is enjoying protection from the DSS from arrest
    4.The alleged diversion of over $21m into a private pocket by the Director-General of the DSS, Lawal Daura
    5.The unresolved case of $148million cash found in a private residence at Ikoyi
  2. And a lots more

In early 2019, the US Department of State released evidence of massive corruption under Buhari. It was categorically stated in the report that “Although the law provides criminal penalties for conviction of official corruption, the government did not implement the law effectively, and officials frequently engaged in corrupt practices with impunity.” It further revealed that “Massive, widespread, and pervasive corruption affected all levels of government and the security services. There were numerous reports of government corruption during the year…. In 2016 the EFCC had 66 corruption cases pending in court, had secured 13 convictions during the year, and had 598 open investigations.”

The most vital revelation in the US Report is that “EFCC arrests and indictments of politicians continued throughout the year, implicating a significant number of opposition political figures and leading to allegations of partisan motivations on the part of the EFCC.”

Magu came out to defend this report with the his usual strategy of putting out huge figures of recovered funds and blaming lack of successful prosecutions on the judiciary. For international observers and those Nigerians that does not place any individual on a pedestal, a United State Congress’ mandatory annual report on Human Rights and Labour, carried out by one of the most respected organizations in the world, The US Department of State, will be a better authority over the words of a police officer who has enjoyed unfair promotions through the ranks and has maintained a disrespectful post to the constituted power of the senate(the representatives of the people) to keep a job he has been rejected to do for four years. It beats reasoning to believe otherwise.

The danger with accusations, particularly the highly publicized once, is that regardless of the outcome of the matter, whether the accused is cleared or not, there will remain a percentage of the audience that will maintain the perception of guilt about the accused. Dr Bukola Saraki has been put through a course of continuous labeling, all of the cases that got judgment cleared him, but not all the minds that heard. It is therefore safe to believe that, has well implied by the US Report, Saraki is an opposition figure on the harassment list of Mohamadu Buhari’s government. It is even worse for him that aggrieved and bitter Magu is the police officer in charge of his matter. They are sure enjoying the fulfillment of seeing that sour inflicted on his character, and this obsession has stop NOW!



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